AUTHOR: Dongwoo Park
TITLE: What is elided in English vbP ellipsis, and when?
I argue a novel derivational approach to ellipsis. In support of this, I discuss an instance of ellipsis of vP which is headed by the copula selecting a predication phrase (PredP) and selected by T, exemplified in (1) (see Mikkelsen 2005). I will call this vbP ellipsis.
(1) John might be proud of his father, and [TP Bill1 [T’ might
[vbP be [PredP t1 proud of his father]]]], too.
I propose that XP ellipsis occurs as soon as all the featural requirements of the licensor of XP ellipsis are satisfied. Additionally, I suggest that ellipsis is a syntactic operation eliminating only the phonological feature matrices (PFMs) containing segmental content of lexical items inside the ellipsis site, but it preserves their formal feature matrices (FFMs), contra Aelbrecht (2010) & Baltin (2012).
AUTHOR: Aaron Doliana (with Sandhya Sundaresan)
TITLE:Toward a formal analysis of proxy control
We argue for the existence of a new type of Obligatory Control (OC) which yields in contexts of deontic modality: Proxy Control. Proxy control involves a set of individuals i asking for (or receiving) permission on behalf of another set of individuals j (to do P). j is related to i with respect to P via some discourse-contextual function f so that j = f(i).
For example, in the German sentence in (1), a warden asks for permission on behalf of the prisoners, the understood subject of the infinitival.
(1) Der Aufseheri hat den Gefängnisdirektork gebeten, ECf(i) the warden has the prison.director asked die Pause im Hof verbringen zu dürfen. the break in.the courtyard spend to may "The warden asked the prison director for permission to spend the break in the court yard."
Given that (a) tests support the OC status of proxy control, and (b) there are conceptual and empirical reasons not to code the reference of the understood subject syntactically, we follow and extend Pearson's (2016) semantic treatment of partial control. We propose proxy control predicates to quantify over an enriched buletic modal base, and presuppositionally restrict their complement to deontic predications, and the proxy control relation to be an extension of the complement’s world-time-individual coordinates.