Andrew Simpson · On the derivation of post-verbal elements in SOV languages: Hindi, Bangla, the LCA and the rightward scrambling debate
Much debate in recent years has focused on whether post-verbal elements/PVEs in SOV Hindi are derived via leftwards LCA-compatible movement (Mahajan 1997a/b, 2003), or must be assumed to result from some kind of rightwards non-antisymmetric movement applying to informationally backgrounded constituents (Bhatt and Dayal 2007, Manetta 2012). A second phenomenon, scope restrictions on wh in situ elements in post-verbal CPs, is often linked to the syntactic analysis of PVEs. Comparing Hindi with Bangla and the kinds of information structure interpretations instantiated by PVEs, this paper shows that PVEs are not derived in a uniform way, and that the wh scope restriction needs to be considered independently of the syntax of PVEs. The paper provides a new focus on the occurrence and sequencing of multiple post-verbal phrases, and shows that such patterns support the assumption of at least two modes of analysis underlying the creation of PVEs in SOV languages, in a way that interestingly resembles differences in the rightward placement of elements in SVO languages, notably Italian: dislocation vs. ‘margination’ (Cardinaletti 2002).