Historically treatments of the mind have taken a third person perspective that has led to significant conceptual, methodological, and epistemological oversights. This talk will explore insights that can be gained when the mind is considered from a first person (i.e inside out) perspective. Methodologically, such an approach leads to the development and refinement of self report measures that when triangulated with behavioral and neuro-cognitive measures can provide valid insight into internal mental states. Conceptually, this approach reveals the importance of mind-wandering which reflects a large portion of our mental activity, and has important implications for performance, default brain activity, and the nature of self awareness. Epistemologically, this approach suggests fundamental limitations to the current scientific approach that at present offers no way of accounting for what the first person perspective reveals to be the most self-evident aspects of existence.