Events

The Japanese reflexive zibun has been thought to allow binding long distance (LD) as well as local binding. In the analysis developed here, zibun is locally bound in a domain of projection whose head is defined by a POV (point of view) feature   these projections are each headed by an auxiliary which is defined by such semantic or pragmatic notions as direct experience (emotion, sensation), evidentiality, evaluation, benefactive, and deixis. What appears to be LD binding in fact consists of (i) pro locally binding zibun in the POV projection, and (ii) pro opening the gate to non-local binding (control) by an argument in a higher clause.

The awareness or logophoric condition, which has been thought to be a defining characteristic of zibun bound LD, will be shown not to be applicable to zibun occurring in certain types of POV projections. While zibun occurring in the evidentiality and evaluation domains are subject to the awareness condition, zibun occurring in the benefactive and deixis domains are not. We attribute this contrast to the semantic nature of pro occurring in Spec of the respective POV projections   while pro in the former class are necessarily `sentient', pro in the latter group may just be 'axis' or 'pivot', physical center of location or direction. We consider the relevant data to constitute a strong piece of evidence for zibun being locally bound within a POV projection.

Further, we will consider the blocking effect with zibun. We will show that the blocking effect is in complementary distribution with the awareness condition   we will show that rather strong blocking effects are observed in the benefactive and deixis domains which are free from the awareness condition, and furthermore, these effects are not visible in the constructions which obey the awareness condition. This is a natural consequence in light of the nature of the benefactive and deixis domains, which are sensitive to Person features.