AUTHOR: Nick Huang
TITLE: Is there syntactic tense in Mandarin Chinese?
Whether Mandarin Chinese has syntactic tense has been the subject of much debate. I offer novel observations of the distribution and syntactic properties on a less-studied future-marking particle, jiang. I argue that jiang is syntactically a future tense morpheme, and not a modal auxiliary, nor a time adverb, nor an irrealis marker. Mandarin Chinese clauses are minimally T(ense)Ps, like clauses in languages with overt tense morphology.
I show that empirical evidence supports two predictions that follow from this analysis: jiang is infelicitous in clausal complements of control verbs, suggesting that there is a finite/non-finite distinction in Chinese (pace Hu, Pan and Xu (2001)); second, jiang is incompatible with the null copula, if tense-marking requires an overt host for feature-checking (as argued by J.-W. Lin (2010)). Lastly, I discuss how this proposal fits into the broader debate over whether Chinese is a tenseless language.
AUTHOR: Dongwoo Park
TITLE: Korean and Japanese Specificational Pseudoclefts as Caseless NP Extraction
In this paper, I propose that Korean and Japanese specificational pseudoclefts are generated through overt focus movement of the focus phrase out of the presupposition CP, followed by remnant topic movement of the presupposition CP. I argue that the focus phrase is a caseless NP, and that this careless NP can be base-generated in a limited set of positions within the presupposition CP. Consequently, seemingly surface-identical pseudoclefts in Korean and Japanese can be derived in more than one fashion. This proposal can resolve a novel paradox, and provide an account of previously unexplained properties of Korean and Japanese specificational pseudoclefts.