Basak Karatas · L1 and L2 Processing of Morphologically “Extra” Complex Words: Masked Priming in Turkish Compounds
Among the word-formation mechanisms, compounding seems to be the universally fundamental process. Alongside the other ways to generate multi-morphemic words, namely inflection and derivation, it offers a very flexible and productive means, by which two or three free lexemes can combine (Dressler, 2006). Due to the “extra” complexity at both semantic and morphological levels, compounds are handled independently from inflection and derivation, yet they might encapsulate these two systems in their encodings as evidenced in some languages (Finnish, German or Turkish, Hyönä & Pollatsek, 1998). To this end, existing models of lexical access of multimorphemic words range from full-parsing (Taft & Forster, 1975) to full-listing (Butterworth, 1983), including “dual-route” model as an intermediate position. This said, the principal goal of the study is to explore to what extent the individual constituents of compounds are activated during visual word recognition across native and nonnative speakers of Turkish and to identify the constraints that might impact their activation (e.g., position of string and affixation, namely inflection and derivation). Employing a masked morphological priming paradigm, three different experiments will be conducted to understand how much morphological detail is associated with the representation of compound words in the mind. The preliminary findings from the first experiment looking into the processing of transparent compound prime−monomorphemic target pairs will also be shared.